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Bones that form the spine are cushioned by small discs. These discs are surrounded by jelly material called nucleus. They are round in nature with the tough outer layer called annulus. These discs are located in the spinal column and are aimed to absorb shocks for the bones of spines.
A herniated disc occurs when the portion of the disc nucleus is thrust out of annulus and enters into the spinal canal as a result of some rupture in the annulus. The spinal canal has limited space which is short for spinal nerves and dislocated herniated disc fragment. Due to less space disc starts pressing spinal nerves and causes severe pain to patients. Due to less space disc starts pressing spinal nerves and causes severe pain to patients.
Disc can be herniated in any part of spine. It may occur in neck, spine or back.
Cervical Disc Herniation-Symptoms
Below are the symptoms of Cervical Disc Herniation.
Aging is the main cause of herniated disc in neck. With aging, the water in the disks starts decreasing. Because of this decrease, disks become more flexible. Discs used to twist, turn and move in a way that the chances of rupture are higher.
Cervical Disc Herniation can be transferred into genes to the next generation.
Sudden movements and jarring motions
If the top body is twisted quickly while holding a heavy object, it may result in a herniated disc.
Lumber Disc Herniation-Causes
Lumbar disc herniation is mainly caused due to the structural change of the normal disc. It is caused by the following two factors.
With aging, break down of a disk may occur.
Severe injury can cause the herniation of disc and may lead a disc to worsen.
The herniated disc in the neck is termed as cervical disc herniation. On the other hand, the lower back herniation is known as lumbar disc herniation.
Cervical Disc Herniation-Symptoms
Cervical disc herniation is the main cause of your neck pain. Following are some other symptoms:
Lumber Disc Herniation-Symptoms
Almost the same techniques are used for the diagnosis of both types of herniated disc. It depends upon the injury depend on that which method is followed by our experts. Normally along with your complete medical history and physical examination, one of the following methods is used in the detection of a herniated disc.
An x-ray will help in producing internal images of bones and tissues
Our Stem Cell Therapy Institute has the experts who use MRI procedure by a combination of radio frequencies, magnets, and computer for producing the detailed images of organs in your body.
When it is required to get the more detailed images of bones and tissues of your body then CAT scan is preferred than the x-ray.
Electromyography test is used by the experts of NYC stem Cells Institute to measure the muscle response in return from nerve stimulation of muscles.
A herniated disc in the back can be diagnosed clearly by injecting a dye into the spinal canal so that to achieve a clear image on the x-ray.
Herniated disc treatment in NYC includes both surgical and nonsurgical methods.
Below are some non-surgical treatments which are used as herniated disc treatment in NYC.
Our team of experts suggests you take extra care for a couple of days in case of mild injury. Ice or heat therapy, restricting rough activities may resolve your problem in 6 weeks.
Some medications may work effectively at a mild level herniated disc. Some pain relievers, NSAIDs (no steroidal anti-inflammatory medications) and steroids can work in pain relieving. Our experts may prescribe you some muscle relaxers for muscle spasms.
Steroid injections may be prescribed to you in case of a herniated disc. The procedure includes x-ray fluoroscopy. Injection of steroids and the numbing agent is injected into the epidural space of the spine. It is observed that 50% of the patients feel relieved after having an epidural injection.
Physical therapies are suggested by our team of experts when you are needed to return back to full activity as early as possible. Physical therapists in NYC will help you in stretching and strengthening your shoulders, neck and arm muscles in order to make early recovery possible. Physical therapy helps in increasing the flexibility of the spine and arms. They instruct you proper posturing, lifting, and walking techniques in order to provide you lifelong fitness.
Sometimes holistic therapies are found helpful in the treatment of herniated disc. Combination of acupuncture, acupressure, yoga along with the best nutrition diet and biofeedback can prove effective.
When conservative treatments do not prove effective then surgical treatments would be prescribed. NYC Stem Cells Institute has the following surgical treatment options for a herniated disc.
Surgeons in NYC are expert in ACDF for a herniated disc. In this type of surgery, a small cut is made in front of the neck. Muscles of the neck are moved away and affected disc is exposed. A disc which is exerting pressure on nerves are removed and the empty space is filled with bone cage.
Artificial disc replacement involves in NYC involves the insertion of a moveable device like a disc in the damaged place of joint. Artificial disc replacement preserves motion and avoids adjacent level diseases in your body. It is made up of metal or plastic and is similar to hip or knee joints implants.
For the treatment of herniated disc in back, surgeons in NYC may replace the damaged disk with the artificial one. It will help in keeping your spine stable and move easily.
Lumber laminotomy can be used as a treatment for a herniated disc in back. Surgeons in NYC will remove lamina from the vertebra. By removing it, the surgeon will be able to access the herniated disc. This surgery will help in eliminating leg pains especially sciatica.
If you are suffering from herniated disc then NYC Stem Cells Institute is the best-fit option for you to get rid of this painful disease. Our experts in NYC will help to overcome the sufferings timely and effectively.