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Herniated disc, also called a slipped disc is caused from an injury or weakness in your back. Herniated discs are round and flat, with a tough, outer layer (annulus) that surrounds a jelly-like material called the nucleus. It’s located between each of the vertebra in the spinal column, these discs act as shock absorbers for the spinal bones. Herniated discs can occur in any part of the spine. Herniated discs are more common in the lower back (lumbar spine), but also occur in the neck (cervical spine). The area in which pain is experienced depends on what part of the spine is affected.
A herniated disc is a fragment of the disc nucleus that is pushed out of the annulus, into the spinal canal through a tear or rupture in the annulus. Discs that become herniated usually are in an early stage of degeneration. The spinal canal has limited space, which is inadequate for the spinal nerve and the displaced herniated disc fragment. Due to this displacement, the disc presses on spinal nerves, often producing pain, which may be severe.
Sudden trauma such as a blow to the back or hard fall can cause a herniated disk. Sometimes, lifting heavy objects can lead to a herniated disk or maybe twisting and turning the wrong way while lifting. .
It is an important step in determining the best treatment options for your condition by speaking to a specialist at NYC Stem Cell Institute.