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Sciatica is a term that describes the symptoms of leg pain caused by the sciatic nerve and is a type of pain experienced when your sciatic nerve is affected by another underlying condition of the spine. The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in your body, running from your back down each of your legs and to your feet.
Compression of the nerve root caused from a spinal condition can result in sciatic nerve pain, or radiating pain in the back and/or legs that typically occurs on one side of your body and can spread down to your foot.
The two main surgical options for sciatica are Diskectomy and Laminectom.
Diskectomy: During this procedure, your surgeon removes whatever is pressing on your sciatic nerve, whether it’s a herniated disk, a bone spur, or something else. The goal is to remove only the piece that’s actually causing sciatica, but sometimes surgeons have to remove the entire disk to fix the issue. You’ll have general anesthesia for a diskectomy, and you might be able to go home the same day.
Laminectomy: The lamina is part of the ring of bone that covers the spinal cord. During a laminectomy, your surgeon removes the lamina and any tissue pressing on the nerve that’s causing you pain. You will get general anesthesia, meaning you will not be awake during the operation, which can last up to 2 hours. You’ll be released from the hospital that day or the next with instructions to start walking around the day after you get home.